Republic of Khakassia: Practical Implementation of Electronic Russia Federal Program: State, regional, and business interests brought to a common denominator of computerization


Khakassian government and IT Co. are launching a project for the creation of a unified regional management system. The key distinguishing feature of the system to be created as part of Electronic Russia (2002-2010) Federal Program is its fundamentally new philosophy, based on the consolidation of state and commercial interests and financial resources, and the integrated development of key issues outlined in Electronic Khakassia, the Republic's own modernization program.

IT Co. has been contracted to create the Republic's information system after winning an open competition announced by the Russian Ministry of Trade and Development and the Government of the Republic of Khakassia in May 2004 (there was a total of 20 bids made by Moscow and local companies). The project will last two years and will progress in stages. During the first stage, the main link of the interdepartmental backbone telecommunications network of the Republic of Khakassia will be built.

The Ministry of Trade and Development places a special emphasis on “regional computerization projects within the scope of Electronic Russia Federal Program. It's important that the additional development opportunities provided by information technologies are utilized in residential areas, such as municipalities, cities, and district centers. The project we have begun working on, together with the Government of the Republic of Khakassia, is aimed at introducing IT in management, creating elements of an electronic state, and providing the region's residents with state services. Clearly, work on such a multi-scale project should start in the beginning, perfecting the regional information network in the Republic of Khakassia,” says Irina Zadirako, Head of New Economics Division of the Corporate Management Department of the Russian Ministry of Trade and Development.

In the course of the first stage of work to create a regional government system, planned for completion in late 2005, a top priority issue will be resolved: the Republic will acquire an interdepartmental backbone telecommunications network. All Khakassian government institutions, ministries, and administrations will be connected to a common fiber optic telecommunications network. Before the end of 2004, government buildings and registrar's offices in the city of Abakan will be connected to the common infrastructure. Moreover, the registrar's offices, which serve as primary databanks for personal information, will be equipped with the OGIR ZAGS unified government information resource system.

The interdepartmental backbone network will be managed by an operating company whose control stock is owned by the Government of the Republic of Khakassia, thus ensuring:
  • Optimization of maintenance and development costs, by controlling rates, among other methods
  • Dynamic development of the Republic's telecommunications infrastructure by unifying the interests of geographically spread out regional government offices
  • Improving system maintenance quality by ensuring functional consistency of all regional information subsystems
“The lack of a developed telecommunications system in the Republic is one of the biggest difficulties in working on the regional Electronic Khakassia program. Thus, all program measures are linked to building and developing a telecommunications infrastructure, which is actually the “main link” of the future regional management system,” underscored Maxim Davydkin, the Head of the Department of Innovational Technologies of the State Committee for Industries and Enterprise of the Republic of Khakassia.

Khakasenergo is actively participating in the creation of the interdepartmental backbone network. Part of the fiber optic cable from Khakasenergo's fiber optic network, currently under construction, will be handed over to the Republic's government on a mutually beneficial basis. Khakassian government has signed similar agreements with Sibirtelecom, the Center of Government Communications of the Service of Special Communications and Information for the Federal Protection Service in the Republic of Khakassia and the Republic's Ministry of Internal Affairs, which will supply the regional administration with the structures necessary for network construction.

The starting point for the Khakassia informatization project was in 2002, when the Republic's government assembled a coordination committee for the creation of a strategy for computerizing the region. The committee included representatives from federal and republican ministries, social and economical institutions and key industries in the region. IT Co. was invited as a technical consultant, and today is the coordinator for the regional Electronic Khakassia program.

The coordination committee stipulated the basic principles for computerizing the Republic of Khakassia:
  • Using the principle of network scheduling to ensure consistency of work on the regional information system and a clear link between the implementation of IT solutions and the readiness of system-wide platforms
  • Instituting a government-controlled backbone network operator to perform maintenance and development of the interdepartmental backbone telecommunications network
  • Maximum attraction of extra-budget funding by keeping track of government and commercial needs, including power and telecommunications industries
  • Compliance with these principles evens out the main factors that put a damp on automation programs faced by most Russian regions: de-facto low quality of the information and telecommunication environment, lacking budget funds for development and multiple duplication of basic network components throughout the region.
Overall, according to Vassily Molchanov, the Chairman of the State Committee for Industry and Enterprise in the Republic of Khakassia, “the measures taken to computerize all levels of government administration and local self-administration will enhance the efficiency of government administration and local self-administration, create fundamentally new opportunities for monitoring economic processes, and allow for timely decision-making to regulate these processes. An important result of the implementation of an integrated region management system that the management culture itself will change, both inside the state administration, and in the system of interaction between the state and its citizens.”

In 2005, using already constructed segment of the interdepartmental backbone network as a foundation, the Republic's government plans to start the implementation of customized regional management system components, including:
  • A system for internal and interdepartmental document management
  • Public Centers for Legal Information
  • Centers for Public Access to State Agency Information
  • Long-term plans include the implementation of the entire complex of social and economically significant subsystems: a regional social ID card, electronic purchasing, electronic government regulations, automating housing and utilities administration, tele-health, distance learning, etc.
When the backbone network is equipped with key components for the regional information systems, there will be a more effective solution to a whole range of social and economic problems such as:
  • The creation of a system of targeted social assistance
  • The delivery of retirement and other social allowance payments to remote regions
  • Accumulation of city internal financial resources in the scope of the system
  • Enhancing efficiency and control over budget spending
  • The creation of a personal ID that could be used as a tool for personal account settlements in paying for utilities, public transportation, medicine, consumer goods purchases, etc.
“Today, work on regional targeted automation programs in general is fragmented. Until now, there were no precedents for an integrated implementation of the key points of Electronic Russia Federal Program. This project is unique, first and foremost because there is an attempt at integrated development of the main lines of computerization. The Republic of Khakassia is a relatively small region, however, its management model is similar to that of the entire state, and the typical problems and tasks are typical for nearly all regions. Thus, this is an excellent opportunity to think out and develop the technology for implementing a regional computerization program with minimal risk, designing criteria for decision standardization, and creating the necessary legal framework. This experience could well be used by other regions, which would take note of all the advantages and disadvantages that will become obvious during system implementation and maintenance,” commented Tagir Yapparov, IT Co.'s Board of Directors Chairman.

About the federal program Electronic Russia 2002-2010
Russian Federation Ministry of Trade and Development, in conjunction with other ministries and agencies, and in accordance with Instruction #207-R (February 12, 2001) from the Government of Russian Federation, designed Electronic Russia (2002-2010) Federal Program, which was approved by Decree #65 (January 28, 2002) of the Government of the Russian Federation.
The main tasks set forth by the Program are the introduction of electronic administration, public access to information, internet access, regulation and coordination of IT projects, the creation of the necessary legal base, regulation of information and communication technologies, and a system for training human resources for this industry. The program is intended to be completed in 8 years and consists of three basic stages.
The overall budget for the program has been approved at 76.15 Bn RUR (51% from the federal budget, 30% from regional budgets, and 19% from outside sources).

About the Republic of Khakassia
The Republic of Khakassia is located in the southwest of Eastern Siberia, bordering on Krasnoyarsk Territory in the north and the east, Tuva and Altai Republics in the south and southwest, and Kemerovo Region in the west. Local population totals approx. 600,000 people, of whom approximately 30% reside in the city of Abakan.
Industries occupy a leading role in the Republic's economy. In 1999, the Republic of Khakassia, home to 0.4% of total Russian population, produced 2.2% of all coal and 2.4% of all electric power.
Leading industries: non-ferrous metallurgy (percentage of total production in 1999: 56.1%), electric power (17.6%), fuel industry (4.9%). Major industrial companies: Sayano-Shushensk HPS, Khakasenergo, Khakasugol Company, Molibden, Sayanal, Sayanskiy Aluminium Smelter, Abakanvagonmash, Iskozh, Sayanmramor, etc.

Центральный федеральный округ